THE KAWARTHA LAKES
Balsam Lake is located in the Kawartha Lakes region of south central Ontario. Its co-ordinates are 44° 36’ N 78° 50’ W. It is 16 km long and averages 3 km wide. Its maximum depth is 50 feet (15 m) and its mean depth is 16 feet (5 m). Its shoreline approximates 63.6 kms or 39.5 miles and it covers 4,664.8 hectares or 11,528.8 acres. The Gull River empties into the lake.
This lake is the highest point of the Trent-Severn Waterway; from here, the waterway descends to Georgian Bay in the northwest and to Lake Ontario in the southeast.
The village of Coboconk is located on the north side of the lake. Balsam Lake Provincial Park is also located on the lake.
Commonly found tree species include Cedar, White Birch, White Spruce, White Pine, Oak and Hard Maple. The soils are sparse sandy loam and the bedrock is either sedimentary or granite.
The Aquatic Vegetation includes common cattail, white water lily, grasses, sedges, bulrush, sweet gale, leather leaf and algae. The fish species include muskellunge, white sucker, brown bullhead, rock bass, pumpkinseed, smallmouth bass, yellow perch, walleye and largemouth bass.
Cameron Lake is one of the Kawartha Lakes located in the heart of the Kawartha Lakes Region. Its co-ordinates are 44° 33’ N 79°46’ W. Its maximum length is 6.4 km (4 miles) and its maximum width is 3.2 km (2 miles). Its maximum depth is 50 feet (15 m) and its mean depth is over 20 feet (6.3 m). Its shoreline approximates 23.2 kms or 14.4 miles and it covers 1,304.3 hectares or 3,220.4 acres.
It borders the town of Fenelon Falls and is part of the Trent Severn Waterway. There is a spectacular 7m falls between Cameron and Sturgeon Lakes.
Balsam Lake and the Burnt River feed into the lake. The lake feeds into Sturgeon Lake through the Fenelon River.
Commonly found tree species include Cedar, White Birch, Elm, Hard Maple, Poplar, White Pine and White Spruce. The soils are sparse sandy loam and the bedrock is limestone.
The Aquatic vegetation includes common cattail, smartweed, bulrush, sweet gale, bladderwort and leather leaf. Fish found in the lake include small mouth bass, large mouth bass, walleye (pickerel), muskellunge and occasionally tiger muskellunge.
Sturgeon Lake, located in the Kawartha Lakes, is part of the Trent Severn Waterway. Its co-ordinates are 44° 28’ N 78° 43’ W. Its maximum depth is 35 feet (10.7 m). Its shoreline approximates 85.4 kms or 53.05 miles and it covers 4,498.6 hectares or 11,107.6 acres.
The lake is Y shaped and has the communities of Lindsay, Fenelon Falls, Sturgeon Point and Bobcaygeon at the north-west, south, central and north-east points of the Y respectively. The lake is approximately 25 km (16 mi) from the southern to the north-eastern extremes, the longer axis.
The Scugog River flows into the lake at the southern apex. Cameron Lake flows into the lake, via the Fenelon River at the north-western extreme. Emily Creek empties into the lake at the middle south. The lake outflow is through the Big Bob and Little Bob channels of the Bobcaygeon River at the north-east of the lake.
Commonly found tree species include Cedar, White Spruce, White Pine, Poplar, Willow, Elm and Hard Maple. The soils are sandy gravel and the bedrock is sedimentary shale.
The Aquatic Vegetation includes lesser duckweed, cattail, white water lily, yellow water lily, leather leaf, milfoil, pondweed and iris. The fish species include muskellunge, carp, brown bullhead, rock bass, pumpkinseed, smallmouth bass, yellow perch, walleye and largemouth bass.